6 Unbelievable Facts About the Amazon Rainforest
When we think of wildlife and forests, the first thing that strikes through is the famous Brazilian Amazon Rainforest. A place which is the habitat of most rare animals and indigenous tribes, living according to their ancestors. The Amazon rainforest is still full of mystery and magic, which was named after the legendary female warrior from Greek mythology. The Amazon River is surrounded by forest with all the remote corners, which are likely undiscovered yet. Let me reveal you with few unbelievable facts, which probably you are unaware of the Amazon Rainforest.
- About 6% of the Earths’ surface is covered with Amazon rainforest stretching for about 3 million square miles, which is larger than the area covered by The Congo and Indonesia if combined. Nearly two-third of the Amazon forest stretches over Brazil, but the remaining lies over eight countries. The most interesting fact which people hardly know, that the Amazon forest is so dense, that the rain needs nearly ten minutes to hit the ground, while sunlight is unable to reach the surface, keeping it dark all the time. The northern African’s Sahara Desert contributes to keeping the forest fertile. The winds carry tons of mineral-rich dust all the way to Amazon, preserving the vital minerals and phosphorous which gets washed away because of the heavy amount of rain.
- The Amazon river claims to be the world’s largest river by volume stretching for about 2.72 million square miles which are roughly 40% of entire South America. Some scholars claim it to the world’s largest as well because its origin is not actually the Apurimac River but Cordillera Rumi Cruz in Peru. As we all know Amazon River empties itself in Atlantic but for about 10 million years ago it flowed in opposite direction towards the mammoth lake at the foot of Andes, from there it moved to Caribbean Sea. Another interesting fact, underneath the river lies a subterranean river Rio Hamza. It’s just as long as Amazon and sometimes as wide as the River too. The river’s flow is so slow that it even makes a snail looks speedy, moving just one millimeter per hour.
- According to Indiashoppers, the Brazilian Amazon is famous for its wildlife. The river has the world’s largest freshwater fish. It’s also the home of world-famous Piranhas and many pet fishes such as neon tetras and angelfish. You will be unlikely to hear about the insects, but Amazon is the home of millions. These creepy-crawlies found in this forest are way more special. Just to mention the forest is also famous for ants, the leafcutter, the bullet ants, and last but not the least, the peanut head bug, it looks just as u read its name
- Amazon has been existing for about 55 million years and has been a part of Eocene Epoch. The oxygen in the atmosphere doubled itself and a massive ‘global warming’ incident took place, affecting millions of species. Nearly 20% of the world’s oxygen is produced by Amazon. There are about 400 billion individual trees, considering about 16000 different species. Over past 40 years, 20% of the forest has already been cut down, castle ranching mostly being responsible for deforestation. The amazon rainforest is greatly thankful to Norway, being 6000 miles away from Brazil it contributed about a billion US dollar towards its preservation. In the year 2017, new species of plant and animal was discovered every other day.
- No wonder Amazon having four different ecosystems levels provide home 300 bird species, including 300 species of hummingbirds. The bird’s families include various exotic species, parrots being the beloved for their colorful plumage. Also in this family lies the beautiful hyacinth and scarlet macaws. Many birds are trapped and also sold as pets, declining their population. The Harpy eagle is the largest raptor in the rainforest. Theirs generally prey on monkeys, sloths, and even deer. They have a wingspan of about 7 feet and their paws are as strong as human wrist. You can get detail of Off Campus Jobs online from fresh hiring.
As Amazon remains untouched, there are many indigenous people living there. There are about 400-500 different tribes residing in the forest. Most of them have no contact with the outside world. The largest Amazonian is the Tikuna with about 40,000 people. They are mostly from Brazil but resides over the borders of Colombia and few parts of Peru. Another tribe Yanomami lives over the northern part of Brazil stretching over the largest volume of land. Which is equivalent to four Switzerland. They are largely being attacked by gold miners and ranchers introducing various outside diseases into them. The smallest survivors are the Akuntsu. They are the victim of various murders and theft. They are fighting for their ancestral lands and still try to maintain their traditional culture.